Retaining wall is basically a structure built to resist the lateral force of gravity so that the retained soil is able to slide upwards and keep all levels on both sides so that it is able to hold different levels once the desired soil level exceeds the angle of slope of the earth’s surface. All kinds of materials are used to build retaining walls. They are most commonly built with concrete, stone, steel, lumber, and other such natural or synthetic materials. It is important that the wall be built at the proper angles for retaining the correct amount of water and vegetation in the garden. Without this there would be pools of stagnant water underneath the walls.
The construction of a retaining wall depends upon its use. The purpose for which it is needed and its relationship to the landscape type are the main factors that decide its design and structure. Common materials used include concrete, stone, steel, lumber, fiberglass, flagstone, and other such natural or synthetic materials. The amount of pressure it is able to withstand is an important factor also. This decides the strength and durability of the Most Reliable Retaining walls.
There are many styles of retaining walls available. Some of them are pitched, wall-pitched, modular, poured, and concrete buttresses. Some use steel ties to connect them while others are made with heavy metals such as iron and concrete. Materials such as boulders, sand, and crushed stone are also used for constructing these walls. All these materials however need different types of reinforcement to make them capable of withstanding the pressure of various kinds of soils. Different soils have different properties and therefore need different types of reinforcement so that they don’t break under the weight of the retaining walls.
Pitched wall-pitched structures are common in most landscapes. These use small spaces, known as gaps, for positioning the walls. Gravity retaining walls however require larger spaces with smaller gap for placing the walls. A larger gap provides stronger holding power and greater stability. These types of walls need additional support at the corners. They may also need extra reinforcements placed inside the walls to stabilize them.
Gravity-retaining walls have the ability to retain soil pressure. The compressive force of gravity acting on a wall breaks the applied force by the surface to the ground. This allows the wall to be put up over any kind of surface without deteriorating or causing any structural damage. Due to the high compressive forces, these types of structures are normally placed in coastal areas. Coastal areas experience a lot of tidal pressure and therefore a large portion of these structures are placed on the top of tidal flat areas.
Another advantage of these structures is that they do not require anchoring. These are normally bolted to the foundation or anchored to the shore using steel I beams. Steel frames used in this type of structure tend to be lighter than those used in traditional concrete walls. Many homeowners prefer not to anchor their retaining walls because they believe that the materials used in constructing them provide additional safety. However, it is important to ensure that any anchor system used in the wall system is capable of withstanding large loads.